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Living with the oceans.

Abbreviations

> We have made a determined effort to explain all organizations and key technical terms at the beginning of each chapter. Because the subsequent text often includes abbreviations, all of the important ones are listed here for reference.

AABW
Antarctic Bottom Water
ACs
Advisory Councils
AIDCP
Agreement on the International Dolphin Conservation Programme
AIS
Automatic Identification System
APEI
Area of particular environmental interest
ARGO
International Deep-Sea-Drifterprogramme
ASC
Aquaculture Stewardship Council
ASCOBANS
Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic and North Seas
AUV
Autonomous Underwater Vehicle
B
Biomass
BLim
Limit biomass
BMSY
Biomass maximum sustainable yield
BPA
Biomass precautionary approach
BALEX
Baltic Exercise (international oil-spill response exercise in the Baltic Sea)
BB
Bornholm Basin
BGR
Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe; German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources
BONNEX
Bonn Convention Exercise (international oil-spill response exercise in the North Sea)
BOP
Blowout preventer (for gas and oil from a well)
BRIC
Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC States)
BSEE
US Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement
BSR
Bottom simulating reflector
CBD
Convention on Biological Diversity
CCAMLR
Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
CCBSP
Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea
CCLME
Canary Current Large Marine Ecosystem
CCS
Carbon Capture and Storage
CCSBT
Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna
CCZ
Clarion-Clipperton Zone
CFCA
Community Fisheries Control Agency
CFP
Common Fisheries Policy
CIS
Commonwealth of Independent States
CITES
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
CLCS
Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf
CMS
Convention on Migratory Species
CNCR
Constant Natural Capital Rule
COL
Consortium for Ocean Leadership
COS
Center for Oceans Solutions
CPUE
Catch per unit effort
CSI
Cetacean Society International
CZM
Coastal Zone Management
CZMAI
Coastal Zone Management Authority and Institute
DESA
Department of Economic and Social Affairs
DHA
Docosahexaenoic acid
DIC
Dissolved inorganic carbon
DISCOL
Disturbance and Recolonization (research project)
DOALOS
Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea
DOE
US Department of Energy
DSCC
Deep Sea Conservation Coalition
dwt
Deadweight Tonnage
EBSA
Ecologically or biologically significant marine area
ECAs
Emission Control Areas
ECJ
European Court of Justice
ECMT
European Conference of Ministers of Transportation
EEC
European Economic Community
EEZ
Exclusive Economic Zone
EMSEA
European Marine Science Educators Association
EOR
Enhanced oil recovery
EPA
Eicosapentaenoic acid
EU
European Union
F
Fishing mortality rate
FLIM
Fishing mortality rate limit biomass
FPA
Precautionary fishing mortality rate
FAO
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FDA
Food and Drug Administration
FMP
Fishery management plan
FPSO
Floating production storage and offloading units
GATT
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GB
Gotland Basin
GD
Gdansk Basin
GDP
Gross Domestic Product
GEF
Global Environment Facility
GESAMP
Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection
GFCM
General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean
GFP
Common Fisheries Policy of the European Union
GHSZ
Gas hydrate stability zone
GIS
Geo-informations system
GLODAP
Global Ocean Data Analysis Project
GOBI
Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative
GOF
Global Ocean Forum
GOODS
Global Open Oceans and Deep-Sea habitats (research report)
GPS
Global Positioning System
GRT
Gross Register Tonnage
HABs
Harmful Algal Blooms
HELCOM
Helsinki Commission
HHI
Herfindahl-Hirschman Index
HLPF
High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development
HNLC
High nutrient, low chlorophyll
IATTC
Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission
ICC
International Coastal Cleanup
ICCAT
International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
ICES
International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
ICJ
International Court of Justice
ICM
Integrated Coastal Management
ICP
Informal Consultative Process (on Oceans and the Law of the Sea)
ICRI
International Coral Reef Initiative
ICSF
International Collective in Support of Fishworkers
ICSU
International Council for Science
ICSU/SCAR
ICSU Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
ICSU/SCOR
ICSU Scientific Committee on Ocean Research
IEA
International Energy Agency
IJC
International Joint Commission
ILO
International Labour Organization
IMBER
Integrated Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Research
IMO
International Maritime Organisation
IMTA
Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture
IOC
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission
IOC CARIBE
IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions
IOC WESTPAC
IOC Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific
IOC
AFRICA IOC Sub-Commission for Africa and the Adjacent Island States
IOI
International Ocean Institute
IOPC
International Oil Pollution Compensation Funds
IOTC
Indian Ocean Tuna Commission
IPANEMA
Initiative Partenariale Nationale pour l’émergence des Energies Marines; National Initiative for the Promotion of Marine Energy
IPCC
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPSO
International Programme on the State of the Ocean
ISA
International Seabed Authority
ISM-Code
International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention
ISSF
Information System on Small-Scale Fisheries
ITLOS
International Tribunal for the Law of the Seas
ITQs
Individual transferable quotas
IUCN
International Union for Conservation of Nature
IUU-fishing
Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing /dd>
IWC
International Whaling Commission Glossary
JIT
Just-in-time-Produktion
LC
London Convention – Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter
LCA
Life cycle assessment
LCD
Liquid crystal display
LED
Light emitting diode
LGM
Last Glacial Maximum
LME
Large marine ecosystem
LNG
Liquefied Natural Gas
LOHAFEX
Experiment of fertilizing the oceans with iron
LP
London Protocol; Updating LC
MA
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
MARPOL
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships
MBI
Monaco Blue Initiative
MDGs
Millennium Development Goals
MEA
Multilateral Environmental Agreement
MEY
Maximum economic yield
MMO
Marine Management Organisation
MPA
Marine protected area
MRSA
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MSC
Marine Stewardship Council
MSFCM
Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act
MSFD
Marine Strategy Framework Directive
MSP
Marine Spatial Planning
MSY
Maximum sustainable yield
MW
Megawatt
NADW
North Atlantic Deep Water
NAFO
Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization
NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement
NAO
North Atlantic oscillation Glossary
NASCO
North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization
NEAFC
North East Altlantic Fisheries Commission
NGO
Non-governmental organisation
NOAA
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NOWPAP
Northwest Pacific Action Plan
NTZ
No Take Zone
OBS
Ocean-bottom seismometer
OCR
Ocean Conservation Research
OECD
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OHI
Ocean Health Index
OPA
Oil Pollution Act
OPEC
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
OSPAR
Oslo and Paris Convention; Convention for the Protection oft the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic
OTEC
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
OWG
Open Working Group
PA
Precautionary approach
PacMara
Pacific Marine Analysis and Research Association
PATg
Patent Act
PCBs
Polychlorinated Biphenyls
PCZ
Prime crust zone
PDV
Phocine Distemper Virus
PEMSEA
Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia
PETM
Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum
PFCs
Polyfluorinated compounds
PFOS
Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid
POPs
Persistent organic pollutants
ppm
Parts per million
ppt
Parts per thousand
PSC
Port State Control
PSSA
Particularly sensitive sea area
RAC
Regional advisory council
REMPEC
Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response Centre for the Mediterranean Sea
RFMOs
Regional Fisheries Management Organisation
ROV
Remotely Operated Vehicle
RPEN
Regulations on Prospecting and Exploration of
Polymetallic Nodules
RSP
Regional Seas Programme
SEAFO
South East Atlantic Fisheries Organisation
SDGs
Sustainable Development Goals
SIOFA
South Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement
SOFIA-Report
The state of world fisheries and aquaculture
SOI
Sustainable Ocean Initiative
SOLAS
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea
SOPAC
Secretariat of the Pacific Community Applied Geoscience and Technology Division
SOS
Sea swell-independent oil skimmer
SPRFMO
South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation
SRFC
Sub-Regional Fisheries Commission
STECF
Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries
TAC
Total allowable catch
TBTI
Too Big To Ignore
TEU
Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit
TEV
Total Economic Value
TLP
Tension leg platform
TRIPS
Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
TURFs
Territorial use right in fisheries
TWh
Terawatt-hour
UN
United Nations
UNCED
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
UNCLOS
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Seas Glossary
UNCLOS III
Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea
UNCTAD
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNDG
UN Development Group
UNDP
UN Development Programme
UNEP
United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO
UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNFSA
United Nations Straddling Fish Stocks Agreement
UN-OHRLLS
UN Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States
UNGA
United Nations General Assembly
UNSG
Secretary-General of the UN
UNWTO
United Nations World Tourism Organization
VDS
Vessel Detection System
VME
Vulnerable marine ecosystem
VMS
Vessel Monitoring System
VOS
Voluntary Observing Ships Programme
WCED
World Commission on Environment and Development
WCPFC
Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission
WEP
Wind Energy Plant
WMO
World Meteorological Organization
WOC
World Ocean Council
WSSD
World Summit on Sustainable Development
WTA
willingness to accept
WTO
World Trade Organization
WTP
willingness to pay
WWF
World Wide Fund For Nature